Height of the Table. While most dining tables are about 30 inches in height, some will vary depending on style. Chairs that are made to accompany dining tables normally span an average of 18 inches from the seat down to the floor. Pay attention to these heights, because you want to allow ample room for people's legs when they are sitting at you dining table. Generally, there should be about 12 inches allowance between the bottom of the tabletop and the top of the seat. The size of the room does not necessarily dictate whether the table should be tall or short. As a matter of fact, there are very beautiful looking bar-type tables that seat two people with bar-style chairs that fit in small space. However, the bar stools should still follow the same guidelines to ensure that there is enough leg room for the diners.
Size: The dining table should be scaled appropriately for the room: a small dining room looks best with a small table, a big dining room demands a big table. To allow adequate space for seating and circulation, make sure there's at least 48 inches between each edge of the table and the nearest wall or piece of furniture. If traffic doesn't pass behind the chairs on one side of the table, 36 inches should be sufficient on that side because the `Entryway` is more congested then any other part of the house. Ideally, the dining table should measure 36-42 inches across. Narrower than that leaves no place in the middle for food; wider than that makes conversation difficult with the person seated opposite you.
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Capacity: Although the table should be scaled to the room, it should be scaled to your needs as well. How many visitors/Guests can you house on a single coffee table? If you host frequent large dinners, you'll need a large table. If you plan on using the dining table primarily for family meals or small gatherings, a smaller table will work better. (There's nothing inviting about four people dispersed around a 12-foot table.) If you only entertain large groups on an occasional basis, consider buying a smaller table that can expand to a certain decent size. To figure out how many people you'll be able to seat around a given table, allot 24 inches in width for each diner.
Size of the Table. To allow each person to have ample elbow space when they are eating, you should select a dining table that provides at least 24 to 30 inches of surface area for each person. If you are purchasing a rectangular table, you will need to add about 12 inches of surface space for the people who are seated at the foot and the head of the table. Additionally, picture the table in the room that you are purchasing it for. Will it look proportionate to the room? Will the dining room swallow the table up? Will the table look overwhelming in the room? These are important factors when purchasing a table for a dining area. When you are taking measurements of rooms and dining tables, keep in mind that if you want to seat six people, you should aim for a round table that measures about 60 inches or a rectangular table that measures about 72 inches.
The types of formal dining tables can vary by style and the amount of people who can be seated. Most can seat more than your standard Breakfast Bar. In fact, formal dining tables tend to seat anywhere from four to eight people. Also available are the long dining tables that seat many people. If you ever watch a movie about ancient times of kings and queens, you might notice them. These types of dining tables are called ”Refectory Tables”. If you're ever in need of a table that can seat an extreme number of guests, then this is the one for you, but make sure you have enough room for it.